International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice https://ijtarp.org/ <p style="text-align: center;">IJTARP is an open access journal that publishes high-quality empirical research using any scientific paradigm across the full range of TA applications. It also promotes research comparing TA and other models and non-TA research that has significant implications for TA theory or practice. It also publishes papers on the practice and theoretical underpinnings of TA.</p> <p style="text-align: center;">IJTARP has an ongoing partnership with <a href="https://taresearch.org/ijtarp-abstract-translations/">the TA Research website, where abstracts are published in a number of alternative languages</a>These translations are kindly provided by volunteers from the international TA community.&nbsp; If abstracts in your language are not yet listed on the TA Research website and you would like to join the community of volunteers in helping create further translations, please feel free to <a href="https://www.ijtarp.org/about/contact">contact us</a>.</p> <p style="text-align: center;">Open access publishing costs money - even though the IJTARP Editor and the Reviewers all provide their services voluntarily. Big publishers charge authors c. $2000 or more per paper to make their work open to all. IJTARP charges authors nothing and lets them keep their copyright. Please help us maintain this arrangement. And please tell your colleagues about this great free resource of TA research and practice.&nbsp;&nbsp;<a title="Donate to IJTARP" href="https://ictaq.org/donate-to-ijtarp/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Please click here to make a donation</a>.</p> International Centre For Transactional Analysis Qualifications CIC en-US International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice 2218-3159 <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" alt="Creative Commons License" src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png"></a></p> <p>The work in this journal is licensed under <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</p> <p><a name="privacyStatement"></a></p> Development of a Psychological Game Questionnaire https://ijtarp.org/article/view/22378 <p><em>A research study is described, conducted in Taiwan with 615 subjects across different ages, educational levels and occupations, to develop a questionnaire that will measure three components of psychological games: hidden messages or ulterior transactions, role switches on the drama triangle, and repressed emotions. A literature review is included and the development of the questionnaire through a pre-test option with 226 subjects is described. The results of statistical analyses are described and the final questionnaire, in English and in Chinese, is included as appendices.</em></p> Iming Huang ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 12 2 25 32 10.29044/v12i2p25 Cultural Parent and Learning in the Knowledge Society: A Survey with Students of Primary Education https://ijtarp.org/article/view/22379 <p><em>This article describes a research study involving 132 students on a Primary Education Sciences degree course at Roma Tre University. A complexity paradigm was employed for the research, which used group activities to design a questionnaire that was subsequently analysed to provide 8 different perspectives. The underlying theoretical perspective involved investigation of the applicability of the transactional analysis concept of Cultural Parent (and the associated concepts of Frame of Reference, Script and Ego States) as a way of understanding how changes are needed in educational processes to reflect how family, school and societal cultures have changed, with particular reference to Generation App and the increasing impact of technology on virtual spaces, and the need to reflect cultural diversity.</em></p> Cesare Fregola ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 12 2 33 37 10.29044/v12i2p33 Deconfusion of the Child ego state - An examination of the main contributions and how redecision adds to the literature https://ijtarp.org/article/view/22377 <p><em>This paper examines some of the main writings about deconfusion of the Child in the transactional analysis literature. It seeks to show how each approach defines the goals of deconfusion and the methods by which deconfusion is obtained. In doing this it clarifies the three methods which Berne proposed could be used for such deconfusion. It also attempts to show how redecision therapy adds to the literature on the topic, which to the writer's knowledge has not been done before.</em></p> Tony White ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 12 2 17 24 10.29044/v12i2p17