Development of a Psychological Game Questionnaire

Main Article Content

Iming Huang


A research study is described, conducted in Taiwan with 615 subjects across different ages, educational levels and occupations, to develop a questionnaire that will measure three components of psychological games: hidden messages or ulterior transactions, role switches on the drama triangle, and repressed emotions. A literature review is included and the development of the questionnaire through a pre-test option with 226 subjects is described. The results of statistical analyses are described and the final questionnaire, in English and in Chinese, is included as appendices.

Article Details

How to Cite
Huang, I. (2021). Development of a Psychological Game Questionnaire. International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice, 12(2), 25-32.


Berne, E. (1958). Transactional analysis: A new and effective method of group therapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 12(4), 735-743.
Berne, E. (1964).Games people play: The psychology of human relationships. Andre Deutsch.
Berne, E. (1966).Principles of group treatment. Grove Press.
Berne, E. (1972).What do you do after you say hello? Grove Press.
Drye, R. C. (1974). Stroking the Rebellious Child. Transactional Analysis Journal, 4(3), 23-26.
English, F. (1971). The substitution factor: Rackets and real feelings: Part I. Transactional Analysis Journal, 1(4), 27-32.
English, F. (1972). Rackets and real feelings: Part II. Transactional Analysis Journal, 2(1), 23-25.
Ge Shuren (2006). Psychometrics. Laurel Wreath.
Gujral, H. K., & Kaur, J. (2018). Life Script: Determinants and Outcomes. International Journal of Research in Economics and Social Sciences (IJRESS), 8(3), 738-747.
Karpman, S. (1968). Fairy tales and script drama analysis. Transactional Analysis Bulletin, 7(26), 39-43.
Kleinewiese, E. (1980). TA with Children: Visual Representation Model of the Ego States. Transactional Analysis Journal, 10(3), 259-263.
Massey, R. (1990). The Structural Bases of Games. Transactional Analysis Journal, 20(1), 20-27.
Niu Wenying (2015). Research methods and essay writing 2nd edition (revised). Futaba.
Qiu Decai (2000). TA's consultation process and technology. Teacher Zhang.
Stewart, I. & Joines, V. (1987). TA today: a new introduction to transactional analysis. Lifespace Publishing. [Teacher Zhang 1999 version in Chinese]
Stewart, I. & Joines, V. (2012). TA today: a new introduction to transactional analysis 2nd edn. Lifespace Publishing [2017 version in Chinese, World Books]
Stuntz, E. C. (1971). Classification of Games by Positions. Transactional Analysis Journal, 1(4), 57-60.
Summerton, O. (2000). The Development of Game Analysis. Transactional Analysis Journal, 30(3), 207-218.
Thomson, G. (1983). Fear, Anger, and Sadness. Transactional Analysis Journal, 13(1), 20-24.
Wang Junming (1999). Compilation and analysis methods of questionnaires and scales. Sports Quiz and Evaluation, 139-158.
Wang Wenke & Wang Zhihong (2010). Educational Research Method. Wunan.
Wu Minglong (2014). Essay writing and quantitative research (updated 4th edition). Wunan.
Zalcman, M. (1990). Game Analysis and Racket Analysis: Overview, Critique, and Future Developments. Transactional Analysis Journal, 20(1), 4-19.
Zhu Jinfeng (2010). Theory and application of psychological testing. Futaba.