States of Consciousness and Ego States

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Stephen Lankton


A theory of consciousness is presented and linked to ego states. Different levels of consciousness are described and how states of consciousness (SoCs) contain within them different collections of experiential resources, leading to limitations on how individuals can access different resources when they are in specific states. Examples are given related to everyday life, followed by ideas on how practitioners can use empathy with clients so that the clients become able to change the contents of problematic SoCs.

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Lankton, S. (2023). States of Consciousness and Ego States. International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice, 14(2), 42–53.


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