TA Contributions from India

Main Article Content

Julie Hay


Produced originally as the content for an opening speech and associated workshop at the ITAA/SAATA Conference in Kochi, India in August 2018, the following contains a review of theoretical contributions from authors based in India between 1993 and 2018. In particular, the wide-ranging contributions of Os Summerton and Pearl Drego are described, along with a review of the activities of Father George Kandathil and of others on the subjects of the guru, ethics, universal consciousness and conflict strategies. Two themes are extracted: practical ideas and models, and the cultural and spiritual nature of Indian society, with an expansion of Berne’s concept of autonomy into five components that are linked to Indian philosophy.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hay, J. (2019). TA Contributions from India. International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice, 10(2), 101-119. https://doi.org/10.29044/v10i2p101


Allen, J., Allen, B., Barnes, G., Hibner, B., Krausz, R., Moiso, C., Welch, C. & Welch, S. (1996). The Role of Permission: Two Decades Later, Transactional Analysis Journal, 26(3), 196-205. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379602600302

International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice Vol 10 No 2, Novemberr 2019 www.ijtarp.org Page 118

Banga, M. (1996). Empowering Young Women Through the Use of Permission Cards, Transactional Analysis Journal, 26(1), 78-83. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379602600112

Berne, E. (1958). Transactional Analysis: A New and Effective Method of Group Psychotherapy, American Journal of Psychotherapy, 12, 735-743. reprinted as Chapter 7 in Berne. (1977). Intuition and Ego States, San Francisco: Transactional Publications, 145-158. Ed. Paul Mc Cormick, publisher TA Press. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.1958.12.4.735

Berne, E. (1961). Transactional Analysis in Psychotherapy, New York: Grove Press.

Berne, E. (1963). The Structure and Dynamics of Organisations and Groups, New York: Grove Press.

Berne, Eric (1970) Sex in Human Loving, New York: Simon and Schuster.

Berne, Eric. (1972) What Do You Say After You Say Hello? New York: Grove Press.

Bhattacharya, S. P., Chatterjee, M. & Mukherjee, R. (1994). The Application of Transactional Analysis in a Participatory Forest Management Program, Transactional Analysis Journal, 24(4), 286-290. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379402400410

Chandramitra, R. (1996). Validating the Ethnic Metaphor. Transactional Analysis Journal, 26(1), 84–90. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379602600113

Chandran, S. (2007). Connecting with the Guru Within: Supervision in the Indian Context, Transactional Analysis Journal, 37(3). https://doi.org/10.1177/036215370703700306

De Bono, E. (1985). Six Thinking Hats, New York: Little Brown & Co.

de Graaf, A., & Levy, J. (2011). Business as Usual? Ethics in the Fast-Changing and Complex World of Organizations, Transactional Analysis Journal, 41(2), 123-128. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215371104100205

de Graaf, A., & Rosseau, M. (2015). Transactional Analysis and Conflict Management: A Response, Transactional Analysis Journal, 45(4), 250-259. https://doi.org/10.1177/0362153715606171

Drego, P. (1979). Towards the Illumined Child – An Indian Study of Ego States, Bombay: The Grail.

Drego, P. (1981). Parenting in social process, TASI Darshan, 1(6), 233-245.

Drego, P. (1983). The Cultural Parent, Transactional Analysis Journal, 13(4), 224-227. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215378301300404

Drego, P. (1985). The inner prison: A study of oppression of the Gujar women of Shantipur village, Unpublished doctoral thesis, Bombay University, Bombay, India.

Drego, P. (in press – in 1985 and 1996). The Inner Prison, Bombay: Alfreruby Publishers.

Drego, P. (1993). Paradigms and Models of Ego States, Transactional Analysis Journal, 23(1), 5-29. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379302300102

Drego, P. (1994). Talk to me mum and dad: Permissions for young people, Bombay: Alfreruby Publishers.

Drego, P.(1996). Cultural Parent Oppression and Regeneration, Transactional Analysis Journal, 2(1), 58-77. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379602600111

Drego, P. (2000). Toward an Ethic of Ego States, Transactional Analysis Journal, 30(3), 192-206. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215370003000304

Drego, P. (2004). Constructing the Lost Parent, The Script, 34(9), 3.

Drego, P. (2005). Acceptance Speech on Receiving the 2004 Eric Berne Memorial Award, Transactional Analysis Journal, 35(1), 7–30. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215370503500104

Drego, P. (2006). Freedom and Responsibility: Social Empowerment and the Altruistic Model of Ego States, Transactional Analysis Journal, 36(2), 90-104. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215370603600203

Drego, P. (2009). Bonding the Ethnic Child with the Universal Parent: Strategies and Ethos of a Transactional Analysis Eco-Community Activist, Transactional Analysis Journal, 39(3), 193-206. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215370903900303

English, F. (1977). What shall I do Tomorrow? Reconceptualising Transactional Analysis, in Barnes, G. Ed, Transactional Analysis After Eric Berne, New York: Harper’s College Press, Chap 15, 287-350.

Ernst F. (1971). The OK Corral; the grid for get-on-with Transactional Analysis Journal, 1(4), 231-240. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215377100100409

Goulding, R. (1972). New directions in transactional analysis In Sager & Kaplan (eds), Progress in group and family therapy, New York: Bruner/Mazel, 105-134.

Harris, T. (1967). I’m OK, You’re OK: A practical guide to transactional analysis, New York: Harper & Row.

Hay, J. (2014). Extending the donkey bridge for autonomy IDTA Newsletter, 9(1), 8.

Joseph, M. R. (2012). Therapeutic Operations can be Educational Operations Too, Transactional Analysis Journal, 42(2), 110-117. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215371204200204

Kahler, T. (1975). Drivers: The Key to the Process of Scripts, Transactional Analysis Journal, 5(3), 280-284. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215377500500318
International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice Vol 10 No 2, Novemberr 2019 www.ijtarp.org Page 119

Kahler, T, & Capers, H. (1974). The Miniscript, Transactional Analysis Journal, 4(1), 26-42. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215377400400110

Kandathil, G. & Kandathil, C. (1997). Autonomy: Open Door to Spirituality, Transactional Analysis Journal, 27(1), 24-29. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379702700107

Kandathil, G., Kandathil, C., & Atthreya, N. H. (1995). How to be Alert and Achieving: Success Secrets from TA Psychology, Bombay: Better Yourself Books.

Karpman, S. (1968). Fairy tales and script drama analysis, Transactional Analysis Bulletin, 7, 39-43.

Morrison, J. (1978). Conflict Management and the Living Encounter Positions, Transactional Analysis Journal, 8(3), 250-254. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215377800800321

Priya, R. U. (2007). Transactional Analysis and the Mind/Body Connection, Transactional Analysis Journal, 37(4), 286-293. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215370703700406

Rajgopal, U. (1999). A Study of the Patterns of Behaviour of Cancer Care Givers, INTAND Newsletter, 7(2), 1-6.

Roebuck, V. J. (trans) (2000). The Upanishads, New Delhi: Penguin Books.

Saru, P.K. (1993). Vipassana TA Perspectives In, ITAA & 20th ICTA Annual Conference, ochin: ICTA 40-43.

Saru, P.K. (2011). Some Thoughts on the Licensing of Psychotherapists, Transactional Analysis Journal, 14(2), 151-153. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215371104100211

Saru, P.K., Cariapa, A., Manacha, S. & Napper, R. (2009). India as a Unique Context for Developing Transactional Analysts, Transactional Analysis Journal, 39(4), 326-332. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215370903900409

Schiff, J. & Contributors. (1975). Cathexis Reader: Transactional Analysis Treatment of Psychosis, New York: Harper & Row.

Shaffer, T. L. (1970). The Law and Order Game, Transactional Analysis Bulletin, 9(34), 41-50.

Summerton, O. (date unknown). Beyond the Parental Flip, publication probably TASI Darshan, 107-112.

Summerton, O. (1978). The Bernian Grid, Transactional Analysis Journal, 8(1), 27-29. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215377800800107

Summerton, O. (1979). RANI: A New Approach to Relationship Analysis, Transactional Analysis Journal, 9(2), 115-118.

Summerton, O. (1986). The Rainbow Specs, Transactional Analysis Journal, 22(3), 182-188.

Summerton, O. (1988). The Rainbow Specs, TASI Darshan, 8, 181-192.

Summerton, O. (1992a). Rainbow Specs Rainbow Card publication, unknown. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379202200309

Summerton, O. (1992b). The Game Pentagon, Transactional Analysis Journal, 22(2), 66-75. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379202200202

Summerton, O. (1992c). Game Analysis in Two Planes, Transactional Analysis Journal, 22(4), 210-215. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379202200403

Summerton, O. (1993c). Games in Organisations, Transactional Analysis Journal, 23(2), 87-103. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379302300206

Summerton, O. (1993a). Rainbow Specs Updated, TASI Darshan, 13(1), 26-34.

Summerton, O. (1993b). Three-Dimensional Transactional Analysis: The Drama Triangle and the Game Pentagon, Transactional Analysis Journal, 23(1), 30-35. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379302300103

Summerton, O. (1995). Upside-Down Rackets, Transactional Analysis Journal, 25(3), 215-220. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215379502500305

Summerton, O. (2000). The Development of Game Analysis Transactional Analysis Journal, 30(3), 207-218. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215370003000305

Suriyaprakash, C. (2011). Ethics in Organizations: My Eastern Philosophical Perspective, Transactional Analysis Journal, 41(2), 133-135. https://doi.org/10.1177/036215371104100207

Suriyaprakash, C. & Geetha, R. S. (2014). Embracing Eternity: A Psychophilosophical Exploration of Death from the Vedantic Frame of Reference, Transactional Analysis Journal, 44(4), 334-346. https://doi.org/10.1177/0362153714560336

Suriyaprakash, C. & George, S. (2015). The Many Facets of Conflict: People, Systems, and Causes, Transactional Analysis Journal, 45(4) 270-275. https://doi.org/10.1177/0362153715608855

Suriyaprakash, C. & Mohan Raj, I. A. (2008). Transactional Imago – a tool to study workplace communication as a medium of organisational culture, Johannesburg: Conference paper presented at Transactional Analysis World Conference 7-10 August 2008.

Suriyaprakash, C & Mohan Raj, I. A. (2003). Internal Communication in a Group, INTAND Newsletter, 11(2), 10-11.
Thomas, K. W. & Kilmann R. H. (1974). Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument, Mountain View, CA: Xicom. https://doi.org/10.1037/t02326-000

Viswanathan, P. J. (1995). Kaizen in Daily Life, INTAD Newsletter, 3(2), 1-3.